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有限责任公司股权的转让
 
发布时间: 2014-06-24 [特大 ]
(一)有限责任公司股权转让
Equity transfer of limited liability company
1、有限责任公司的股东之间可以相互转让其全部或者部分股权;
All or part of the shares may be transferred between the shareholders of a limited liability company;
2、股东向股东以外的人转让股权,应当经其他股东过半数同意;
Only when other shareholders consent of the majority, shareholders can transfer shares to somebody other than the shareholders of this company;
3、其他股东半数以上不同意转让的,不同意的股东应当购买该转让的股权;不购买的,视为同意转让;
If more than half of the other shareholders do not agree the transfer, the shareholders who disagree should buy the shares; if not, it deemed to consent to the assignment;
4、经股东同意转让的股权,在同等条件下,其他股东有优先购买权;
Under the same conditions, other shareholders have a preemptive right to purchase the equity consented to transfer by shareholders;
5、同等条件是指:(1)转让价格相同且该价格不可撤回、(2)转让条件相同。
Same conditions mean: (1) transfer price are the same and the price cannot be withdrawn, (2) transfer requirement are the same
(二)案例分析
Case analysis
1、案例情况
Case situation
陈xx诉玉林市A房地产开发有限公司股东权案
Chen XX lodge complains against A real estate limited company in Yulin about the shareholdings
2002年7月12日,莫xx与卢xx、杨xx一起共同投资组建A公司,注册资本808万元,三人所占股权分别为33%、37%、30%。在A公司经营活动中,除卢xx本人直接参与外;莫xx一直由其夫陈xx(B公司股东,B公司与A公司属于同业竞争关系)代理参与A公司的全部事务,行使股东的权利和履行股东的义务;杨xx自开始到现在一直是由其父亲代表其在公司全权行使。
On July 12, 2002, Mo, Lu and Yang together invested and set up A company, the registered capital is 8080000 yuan, the three people’s respective shares were 33%,37%,30%. In A company’s operations, in addition to Lu involved directly, Mo has been agented by her husband Chen ( B company’s shareholder, B company and A company are competition relations ) to involve in A company by all of the company's affairs, exercise the rights of shareholder and do the performance of shareholder's obligation. Yang’s father has been on behalf of Yang to involve in the company’s operations.
2004年4月13日,陈xx起诉要求与莫xx离婚。2005年4月13日,经玉林市中级人民法院调解,二人协商一致,自愿达成离婚协议。在民事调解书中达成的协议共有八项,其中:“三、莫xx将其在玉林市A公司投资的33%的股份中的7%(包括在该公司所占的债权、债务)转给陈xx享有”。
On April 13, 2004, Chen filed for divorce with Mo. On April 13, 2005, after the Yulin City Intermediate People's court’s mediation, Chen and Mo reached a divorce agreement by voluntary consensus. There are 8 items on the civil mediation book, the third item is that Mo transfer 7% of the 33% shares of A company to Chen (including the creditor's rights and debt of the company.
A公司其他两股东认为陈xx多次故意损害A公司利益,且多次对簿公堂,双方已毫无合作基础,故A公司不同意原告陈xx成为其公司的股东。在陈xx与莫xx离婚案中,就股权转让问题股东杨xx认为并没有征求过其本人的意见,致使其无法享有优先购买权。且陈xx与莫xx自行协商转让的7%股份未经任何有资质的评估机构进行评估,自定价格为190万元,要求A公司股东以190万元的价格购买7%的股份是不合法的。基于此,A公司始终没有启动相关程序落实陈xx所占7%股权事宜。
The other two shareholders of A company thought that Chen intentionally damage the interests of A company by many times, and even argued in the court by many times, so both sides have no basis for cooperation. Therefore A company does not agree with Chen became the company's shareholders. Yang think that he was not been asked for views by the equity transfer in the divorce case of Chen and Mo, and it made him could not enjoy the right of preemption. The 7% shares of A company transferred by Mo was not assessed by any qualified assessment firm, and was set the price of 1900000 yuan by Chen and Mo. So the requirement that shareholder of A buy the shares by 1900000 yuan was illegal. Based on this, A company did not start procedures to implement Chen’s occupation of the 7% share.
本案经一审、二审,均判决A公司
After the first and second trial, A company should implement the following sentence,
(1)将莫xx的出资额由原来的2666400元变更为2100800元,并向陈xx签发出资额为565600元的出资证明;
Chang Mo’s contributions from the original 2666400 yuan to 2100800 yuan, and issue the investment certificate of 565600 yuan to Chen;
(2)相应修改公司的章程和股东名册;
Modify the articles of association of the company and the roster of shareholders correspondingly;
(3)A公司到工商行政管理部门办理相应的工商变更登记手续。
A company handle the corresponding industrial and commercial change registration procedures in the administrative department for Industry and commerce.
2、分析
Analysis
A公司的主张不能获得法院支持,原因如下:
That A company’s proposal could be supported by the court is because of:
(1)莫xx所占A公司的股权属于夫妻共同财产,夫妻双方享有平等的处理权;
The equity in A company occupied by Mo belongs to the joint property of their couples, and both the husband and wife share equal discretion.
(2)自然人有限公司股东对自己的股权享有所有权,莫xx可以任何一个价位确定自己股权转让的价格,评估并非法律必经程序;
For The shareholder has ownership of its equity in limited company, Mo could determine the transfer price of his equity at his will, and the asset evaluation is not a necessary legal procedure.
(3) A公司股东卢xx、杨父在规定期限内既不同意向陈xx转让股权,也不接受莫xx就其7%股权190万元的定价,视为同意转让;
If the sharehoulder Lu and Yang’s father in A company neither agree Mo to transfer his equity to Chen, nor accept the priceing of 1.9 million accounting for Mo’s 7% equity before the deadline, it will be deemed as that they agree with the assignment.
(4)杨xx自开始到现在一直是由其父亲代表其在公司全权行使,杨父的意见可视为杨xx本人意见;
From the beginning to now, YangXX has been represneted by his father in company to claim his right, so his father’s opinion could be deemed as Yang’s opinion.
(5)《公司法》并不禁止一公司的股东不能成为其他公司的股东;
《Company Act》do not forbid the shareholder of one company to be that of other company.
(6)陈xx损害A公司的利益,A公司应以其他途径予以追究,不是阻碍陈xx成为公司股东的依据。
If ChenXX do harm to A company’s benefit, A Company should call to account in other ways, but that is not the evidence to prevent Chenxx to be company shareholder.
 
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